I'm currently researching how design methods have been used for public engagement in Canada, and how they could be used—specifically focusing on "smart cities" (digital infrastructure, products, and services).

These notes are reflections on readings, interviews, and other progress towards my thesis research. This "archive" of sorts is, and always will be, a work in progress.


Infrastructure Canada's national Smart Cities Challenge invited Canadian municipalities and Indigenous communities to submit proposals that defined “their future with the help of their residents through the use of a smart cities approach.” Many applications reference empowering their residents.

I'm interested in exploring how design methods may have shaped their approach to empowerment through public engagement and curious about what design practitioners can learn from these case studies about ensuring equity in design methods.